In 1971, the South Sudanese rebels, formerly composed of several independent commandos, were brought together under the leadership of General Joseph Lagu, who, under his leadership, united both anya Nya`s combat units and their political wing, the South Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM). In 1971, as General Lagu`s representative, the SSLM spoke with the Sudanese government on proposals for regional autonomy and cessation of hostilities. These discussions culminated in the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement on 27 February 1972. The agreement ended 17 years of conflict between Anya Nya and the Sudanese army and launched autonomy for the southern region, which was no longer to be divided between the three provinces of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baar al-Ghazel and A`l al-Nel (Upper Nile). The affairs of the region would be controlled by a separate legislative and executive body and Anya Nya`s soldiers would be integrated into the Sudanese army and police. The Addis Ababa agreement brought Nimeiri prestige abroad and popularity in his own country. … signed the Addis Ababa Agreement on 27 February 1972. The agreement ended 17 years of conflict between Anya Nya and the Sudanese army and launched autonomy for the southern region, which is no longer in the three provinces of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baar al-Ghazl and… Even before the official end of the agreement, the civil war between the South and the North had resumed with even more savages than before. Since the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement in 1972, there have been sporadic uprisings in the South, but they were quickly suppressed. In May 1983, however, a military battalion stationed in Bor, led by Colonel John Garang of Mabior, resounded in the bush. The rebels had been disillusioned by Nimeiri and his government, dotted with corruption and disregarding the countries of the South.
Led by Garang, the ranks of the Bor garrison, which had taken refuge in Ethiopia, were soon swollen by disgruntled southern states, determined to remedy their abuses by force of arms under the banner of the Sudan People`s Liberation Army (SPLA) and its political wing, the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement (SPLM). See all quotes from Google Scholar for this article. Page 265 Note 2 Barnes, Leonard, Africa in Eclipse (London, 1971), 262. Visit fulbright Professor of Political Science, University of Khartoum. . Page 247 Note 1 Text by H. E. Gaafar Mohamed Nimeiri, President of the R.D. of Sudan, on the occasion of National Unity Day, Wau, March 3, 1975, Ministry of Information, Khartoum, mimeography in English and Arabic. Page 252 Note 2 Peace and Unity in Sudan, 8. . Meanwhile, South Sudanese rebels had reorganized.
Previously composed of several independent commandos, they were assembled in 1971 under the leadership of General Joseph Lagu, who, under his authority, brought together both the combat units of Anya Nya and his political wing, South Sudan… The agreement was intended to address and allay fears of the liberation and secession movement in South Sudan, as the first Sudanese civil war of the government of North Sudan and the people of the South has grown and requires a great deal of resources. The creation of the South Sudan Autonomous Region through the Addis Ababa Agreement has given a degree of autonomy.  This meant that South Sudan was no longer divided between the three separate regions of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baér al-Ghazel and A`l`al-Nel (Upper Nile). The region would be governed by a separate legislative and executive body. Anya Nya`s soldiers are said to be integrated into the Sudanese army and police.